Botox for Bladder Control
It's well known for its cosmetic uses, but doctors say Botox may also be the key to helping millions of Americans who suffer from overactive bladders. It's ranked among the 10 most common chronic medical conditions and impacts nearly 34 million people. More than half don't find relief through traditional treatments, so one woman turned to an experimental injection for help.
"If you're going to the restroom a couple times a day you don't really notice it, but when the numbers start adding up to where it's 40, 50, 60 times a day… the pain you get from it, the physical pain is not fun at all," said 29-year-old Claudia Angel, who has an overactive bladder.
It's a painful and annoying problem that's plagued Angel for the past six years. She tried medications, pelvic exercises, even an implant, but nothing relieved her overactive bladder.
"I didn't know what to do anymore. I thought 'oh my god, this is going to be the rest of my life?'" said Angel.
Angel became a test patient for an experimental treatment. Under a local anesthetic, University of Miami Urologist Dr. Angelo Gousse threads a needle through a scope with a camera mounted on it. As it passes through the urethra, Gousse injects Botox, the same treatment for wrinkles, directly into the bladder.
"What it does is it tends to kind of numb, if you would, not only the muscle but also the nerves that are located within the wall of the urinary bladder, and so for this reason it also helps significantly with the sense of urgency," said Gousse.
Doctors familiar with the procedure say 75 percent of patients report significant improvement in symptoms and in their quality of life.
Claudia felt the difference after her first treatment.
"Awesome. I was very excited the first day that I noticed it. I called my husband and I said, 'do you know I haven't gone to the bathroom in like eight hours?'" said Angel.
For the first time in years, Angel feels like she's in control.
The Botox procedure is done on an outpatient basis and patients can return to work the same day. Each treatment lasts four to six months. Angel says her Botox injections were not covered by insurance, and the cost is about $1,000 per treatment. Though the Botox is given in non-toxic amounts, some patients may suffer retention problems from the injections.
Background: An overactive bladder is the result of a sudden and involuntary contraction of the bladder muscle, causing an unstoppable need to urinate. An overactive bladder is most common in adults, affecting one in 11 adults in the United States. According to the National Association for Continence, an overactive bladder is a widespread problem that affects people of all ages.
An overactive bladder often causes an uncomfortable quality of life for those who suffer from it. Sufferers may have the need to urinate more than eight times a day. In these severe cases, a normal lifestyle is prevented. Research has indicated that people often believe an overactive bladder is a normal part of aging, so symptoms can be overlooked. Less than half of sufferers actually consult a doctor about their symptoms.
Overactive bladder treatment: According to the National Association for Continence, anticholinergic and bladder muscle relaxant drugs are often prescribed for treating an overactive bladder. Several side effects are associated with these drugs, such as dry-mouth, constipation, blurred vision, gastroesophageal reflux and urinary retention. Because of these negative side effects, other treatments are being investigated to improve the lifestyle of those with OAB.
Botox as OAB treatment: Gousse is experimenting with using Botox as a treatment for overactive bladder. Botox would be used to relax the muscles of the urinary bladder and deplete the sensation of the bladder. Urologists from UK Guy’s Hospital and King’s College London have carried out a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 34 patients using Botox as a treatment for OAB. The study involved 20 injections ( of 1 ml each ) of Botox totaling 20 ml ( 200 Units) into several areas of the bladder. Results of the study were measured using a zero to 100 scale. On average, severity of the participant’s symptoms decreased by 33 points and the overall impact on their incontinence decreased by 35 points. Gousse says according to his research, Botox injections are the simplest solution for an overactive bladder. Botox as a treatment for overactive bladder is expected to be approved by the FDA within the next two years.